Smart card technology is currently recognized as the most appropriate technology for identity applications that must meet critical security requirements, including:
Authenticating the bearer of an identity credential when used in conjunction with personal identification numbers (PINs) or biometric technologies
Increasing the security of an identity credential
Implementing identity management controls
Countries around the world use smart cards for secure identity applications. In addition, both government organizations and public corporations use smart employee ID cards to secure access to physical facilities and computer systems and networks.
U.S. citizens are increasingly using the Internet for sensitive transactions, like banking, mortgage applications, buying and trading stocks, and reviewing healthcare information. Given this, there are very real problems of identity management, privacy and security in cyberspace. Smart card technology (in various form factors including cards, USB tokens and mobile phones) enables strong multi-factor authentication on the Internet.